DBRS Ratings GmbH (DBRS) confirmed its BBB (high) (sf) ratings on the following nine Series of Notes (the Compartments) issued by Palladium Securities 1 S.A. (the Issuer):
-- Series 114 Notes (Acting in Relation to Compartment 114-2013-14)
-- Series 117 Notes (Acting in Relation to Compartment 117-2013-17)
-- Series 121 CMS Structured Floating Rate Instruments (Acting in Relation to Compartment 121-2013-21)
-- Series 124 Fixed to Floating Rate Instrument (Acting in Relation to Compartment 124-2013-24)
-- Series 131 Fixed to Floating Rate Instrument (Acting in Relation to Compartment 131-2014-06)
-- Series 141 Fixed to Floating Rate Instrument (Acting in Relation to Compartment 141-2014-16)
-- Series 142 Fixed Rate Instrument (Acting in Relation to Compartment 142-2014-17)
-- Series 145 Fixed to Floating Rate Instrument (Acting in Relation to Compartment 145-2014-20)
-- Series 148 Fixed Rate Instrument (Acting in Relation to Compartment 148-2014-23)
The confirmations follow an annual review of the Compartments.
The Issuer is a public limited liability companies (société anonyme) incorporated under the laws of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. Each transaction is a credit-linked note of one sovereign inflation-linked bond issued by the Republic of Italy (the Collateral). The noteholders and other transactions counterparties have recourse only to the assets of the related Compartment in accordance with Luxembourg law.
The transaction uses an asset swap (the Asset Swap) to transform the payout profile of the collateral security. The noteholders are effectively exposed to the risk that either the Collateral or the Hedging Counterparty defaults. The transaction documents do not contain any downgrade provisions with respect to the Hedging Counterparty. As such, DBRS regards the ratings of the Notes to be linked to those of the Collateral and Hedging Counterparty.
The significant counterparties to the Issuer are various subsidiaries and affiliates of Deutsche Bank AG as listed below. DBRS maintains private ratings on these counterparties, which are not published.
-- Deutsche Bank AG, London Branch acts as the Hedging Counterparty, Initial Purchaser of the Notes, Calculation Agent, Paying Agent, Selling Agent and Arranger, and pays the fees and expenses of the Issuer.
-- Deutsche Bank Luxembourg S.A., a wholly owned subsidiary of Deutsche Bank AG, acts as Custodian, Luxembourg Paying Agent and Servicer.
-- Deutsche Trustee Company Limited acts as Trustee.
DBRS maintains public ratings on the foreign and local currency, long- and short-term debt of the Republic of Italy and has used them to evaluate the credit risk of the Collateral and will monitor its credit risk on an ongoing basis. As of the rating date of this transaction, both local and foreign currency long-term ratings were BBB (high) with Stable trends, and both short-term ratings were R-1 (low) with Stable trends.
In addition to the credit profiles of the Collateral and the Hedging Counterparty, the ratings of the Notes are based on DBRS’s review of the following items:
-- The transaction structure.
-- The transaction documents including, but not limited to, the Base Prospectus, the General Trust Terms Module, the Security Module, the ISDA Master Agreement Module, the Custodian Agreement, the Sale and Disbursement Agreement, the Articles of Incorporation, the Final Terms, the Series Instrument and the Asset Swap Agreement letter.
-- The legal opinions addressing, but not limited to, true sale of the Collateral, bankruptcy remoteness of the Issuer, the asset segregation of the Compartment, enforceability of the contracts and agreements, and no tax to be withheld at the Issuer level.
DBRS did not address the following:
-- The pricing of the Asset Swap; that is, whether there will be sufficient cash flows from the Collateral to fully compensate the Hedging Counterparty for its obligations. As the Hedging Counterparty is contractually obliged to make the payments as specified under the Asset Swap Agreement, the risk that it defaults is addressed by the DBRS private rating.
-- Cash flow analysis to assess the returns due to the noteholders, as the returns are reliant on the swap counterparty.
The transaction can terminate early on the occurrence of an event of default, mandatory cancellation or cancellation for taxation and other reasons.
Events of default occur under, but are not limited to, the following scenarios:
-- Failure to pay any amount due on the Notes beyond the grace period.
-- The Issuer’s failure to perform its obligations under the Series Instrument.
-- An order by any competent court ordering the dissolution of the Issuer for whatever reason that includes, but is not limited to, bankruptcy, fraudulent conveyance or a merger.
Mandatory cancellation includes the following:
-- The Collateral becomes repayable other than by the discretion of the relevant Collateral Obligor in accordance with the terms of the Collateral.
-- The Collateral becomes, for whatever reason, capable of being declared due and payable prior to its stated maturity.
-- The Collateral defaults.
Similarly, cancellation for taxation, etc., includes the following:
-- The Issuer becomes required to withhold tax on the next payment date.
-- Termination of the Hedging Agreement.
Under the Series Instrument, the amount payable to the noteholders is determined as the market value of the Collateral minus the Early Termination Unwind Costs.
The Early Termination Unwind Costs are determined as the sum of:
(1) The amount of (a) all costs, taxes, fees, expenses (including loss of funding), etc., incurred by the Hedging Counterparty (positive amount) or (b) the gain realised by the Hedging Counterparty (negative amount) as a result of the cancellation of the Asset Swap; and
(2) Legal and other costs incurred by the Issuer, Trustee, Custodian and Hedging Counterparty.
It should be noted that the DBRS ratings assigned to the securities does not address changes in law or changes in the interpretation of existing laws. Such changes in law or their interpretation could result in the early termination of the transactions, and the noteholders could be subjected to a loss on the Notes.
All figures are in euros unless otherwise noted.
The principal methodology applicable to the ratings is: “Rating CLOs and CDOs of Large Corporate Credit”.
DBRS has applied the principal methodology consistently and conducted a review of the transactions in accordance with the principal methodology.
A review of the transactions legal documents was not conducted as the legal documents have remained unchanged since the most recent rating actions.
Other methodologies referenced in these transactions are listed at the end of this press release.
These may be found on www.dbrs.com at: http://www.dbrs.com/about/methodologies.
For a more detailed discussion of the sovereign risk impact on Structured Finance ratings, please refer to “Appendix C: The Impact of Sovereign Ratings on Other DBRS Credit Ratings” of the “Rating Sovereign Governments” methodology at: https://www.dbrs.com/research/333487/rating-sovereign-governments.
The sources of data and information used for these ratings include Palladium Securities 1 S.A. and other public sources.
DBRS did not rely upon third-party due diligence in order to conduct its analysis.
At the time of the initial ratings, DBRS was not supplied with third-party assessments. However, this did not impact the rating analysis.
DBRS considers the data and information available to it for the purposes of providing these ratings to be of satisfactory quality.
DBRS does not audit or independently verify the data or information it receives in connection with the rating process.
The last rating actions on the transactions took place on 19 January 2018, when DBRS confirmed the ratings of the nine Series of Notes at BBB (high) (sf).
The lead analyst responsibilities for these transactions have been transferred to Alfonso Candelas.
Information regarding DBRS ratings, including definitions, policies and methodologies, is available at www.dbrs.com.
To assess the impact of changing the transactions parameters on the ratings, DBRS considered the following stress scenarios, as compared to the parameters used to determine the ratings (the “Base Case”):
-- A one-notch downgrade to the Collateral rating.
-- A one-notch downgrade to the Hedging Counterparty rating.
DBRS concludes that a hypothetical downgrade to the Collateral rating by one notch, ceteris paribus, would lead to a downgrade of the transactions to BBB (sf). A hypothetical one-notch downgrade to the Hedging Counterparty rating, ceteris paribus, would not have an impact on the current ratings. A scenario combining both the downgrade of the Collateral rating and the Hedging Counterparty rating would lead to a downgrade of all nine Series of Notes to BBB (sf).
For further information on DBRS historical default rates published by the European Securities and Markets Authority (“ESMA”) in a central repository, see: http://cerep.esma.europa.eu/cerep-web/statistics/defaults.xhtml.
Ratings assigned by DBRS Ratings GmbH are subject to EU and US regulations only.
Lead Analyst: Alfonso Candelas, Senior Vice President
Rating Committee Chair: Vito Natale, Senior Vice President
PALLADIUM SECURITIES 1 S.A. ACTING IN RELATION TO COMPARTMENT 114-2013-14
Initial Rating Date: 6 June 2013
PALLADIUM SECURITIES 1 S.A. ACTING IN RELATION TO COMPARTMENT 117-2013-17
Initial Rating Date: 7 August 2013
PALLADIUM SECURITIES 1 S.A. ACTING IN RELATION TO COMPARTMENT 121-2013-21
Initial Rating Date: 7 October 2013
PALLADIUM SECURITIES 1 S.A. ACTING IN RELATION TO COMPARTMENT 124-2013-24
Initial Rating Date: 15 January 2014
PALLADIUM SECURITIES 1 S.A. ACTING IN RELATION TO COMPARTMENT 131-2014-06
Initial Rating Date: 6 May 2014
PALLADIUM SECURITIES 1 S.A. ACTING IN RELATION TO COMPARTMENT 141-2014-16
Initial Rating Date: 10 October 2014
PALLADIUM SECURITIES 1 S.A. ACTING IN RELATION TO COMPARTMENT 142-2014-17
Initial Rating Date: 10 October 2014
PALLADIUM SECURITIES 1 S.A. ACTING IN RELATION TO COMPARTMENT 145-2014-20
Initial Rating Date: 19 January 2015
PALLADIUM SECURITIES 1 S.A. ACTING IN RELATION TO COMPARTMENT 148-2014-23
Initial Rating Date: 25 February 2015
DBRS Ratings GmbH
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Geschäftsführer: Detlef Scholz
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The rating methodologies used in the analysis of these transactions can be found at: http://www.dbrs.com/about/methodologies.
-- Legal Criteria for European Structured Finance Transactions
-- Derivative Criteria for European Structured Finance Transactions
-- Rating CLOs and CDOs of Large Corporate Credit
A description of how DBRS analyses structured finance transactions and how the methodologies are collectively applied can be found at: http://www.dbrs.com/research/278375.
For more information on this credit or on this industry, visit www.dbrs.com or contact us at email@example.com.