Press Release

DBRS Finalises Provisional Rating on Series 35 Notes Issued by FADE

September 23, 2019

DBRS Ratings GmbH (DBRS) finalised its provisional rating of A (sf) on the EUR 1,000.0 million Series 35 Notes issued by Fondo de Titulización del Déficit del Sistema Eléctrico, F.T.A. (FADE or the Fund).

The Series 35 Notes were issued on 18 September 2019. The final maturity date for the Notes is 17 September 2024.

FADE is a fund created under the provisions dictated in the Royal Decree 437/2010, that regulates the amortisation framework of the tariff deficit in the Kingdom of Spain (Spain). FADE’s purpose is to enable Spanish electricity companies to sell tariff deficit receivables with different maturities to the Fund and to issue series of Notes to the market.

The Notes issued by FADE were originally guaranteed by Spain for an amount up to EUR 22.0 billion. On 27 August 2013, Spain approved an additional EUR 4 billion extension of the guarantee, resulting in a total guarantee of EUR 26.0 billion to the FADE programme. Following the issuance of the Series 35 Notes, the total nominal outstanding amount of all the Notes issued by FADE is EUR 13.8 billion, which is still under the guaranteed limit.

DBRS’s ratings of the Notes issued by the FADE programme are based on the obligation of the guarantor, Spain, to make payments pursuant to the guarantee of the Notes’ interest and principal, up to EUR 26.0 billion.

The guarantee issued by Spain complies with the characteristics of a guarantee to which DBRS can give credit according to its “Legal Criteria for European Structured Finance Transactions” methodology. However, exceptions exist where the guarantee can not be binding on any successors or permitted assignees of the guarantor and can not be granted in the context of a parent-subsidiary relationship. Since the guarantee is provided by Spain, DBRS deems these risks negligible.

The guarantee can be exercised with regard to any of the series issued by FADE to cover ordinary interest and principal on the Notes. The guarantee in place cannot assure the timely payment of interest and principal on the Notes.

The ratings on the Notes are fully linked to the sovereign rating of Spain. On 20 September 2019, DBRS’s Sovereign Group confirmed Spain’s Long-Term Foreign and Local Currency - Issuer Rating at “A”, trend changed to Positive. The trend can be assumed to be an indicator of the potential future movement of the ratings of the Notes.

FADE benefits from a EUR 2.0 billion credit line provided by the Instituto de Crédito Oficial (ICO). The credit line covers any interest or principal shortfalls on the Notes.

DBRS’s ratings on the Notes address the ultimate distribution of interest and principal on the Notes on or before the Final Maturity Date of the Fund.

ICO is the Treasury Account Bank for the transaction. Based on the DBRS private rating of ICO, DBRS considers the risk arising from the exposure to ICO to be consistent with the ratings assigned to the Notes, as described in DBRS’s “Legal Criteria for European Structured Finance Transactions” methodology.

All figures are in euros unless otherwise noted.

The principal methodology applicable to the rating is: “Legal Criteria for European Structured Finance Transactions”.

DBRS has applied the principal methodology consistently and conducted a review of the transaction in accordance with the principal methodology. DBRS has conducted a review of the transaction’s legal documents related to this new issuance. A review of any other transaction’s legal documents was not conducted as the legal documents have remained unchanged since the most recent rating action.

Other methodologies referenced in this transaction are listed at the end of this press release.

These may be found on at:

For a more detailed discussion of the sovereign risk impact on Structured Finance ratings, please refer to “Appendix C: The Impact of Sovereign Ratings on Other DBRS Credit Ratings” of the “Global Methodology for Rating Sovereign Governments” at:

The sources of data and information used for this rating include reports and legal documents provided by Titulización de Activos S.G.F.T., S.A.

DBRS did not rely upon third-party due diligence in order to conduct its analysis.

At the time of the initial rating, DBRS was not supplied with third-party assessments. However, this did not impact the rating analysis.

DBRS considers the data and information available to it for the purposes of providing this ratings to be of satisfactory quality.

DBRS does not audit or independently verify the data or information it receives in connection with the rating process.

A provisional rating on the Notes was assigned on 18 September 2019. Prior to that, the last rating action on this transaction took place on 30 April 2019, when DBRS confirmed its ratings on all the outstanding Notes at A (sf).

Information regarding DBRS ratings, including definitions, policies and methodologies is available on

To assess the impact of changing the transaction parameters on the rating, DBRS considered the following stress scenarios as compared with the parameters used to determine the rating (the Base Case):

DBRS concludes the following for the DBRS-rated series of notes issued by FADE (the Rated Notes):

-- A hypothetical downgrade of the sovereign rating of Spain by one notch, ceteris paribus, would lead to a downgrade of the Rated Notes to A (low) (sf).
-- A hypothetical downgrade of the sovereign rating of Spain by two notches, ceteris paribus, would lead to a downgrade of the Rated Notes to BBB (high) (sf).

For further information on DBRS historical default rates published by the European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) in a central repository, see:

Ratings assigned by DBRS Ratings GmbH are subject to EU and US regulations only.

Lead Analyst: Alfonso Candelas, Senior Vice President
Rating Committee Chair: Christian Aufsatz, Managing Director
Initial Rating Date: 19 September 2013

DBRS Ratings GmbH
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60311 Frankfurt am Main Germany

Geschäftsführer: Detlef Scholz
Amtsgericht Frankfurt am Main, HRB 110259

The rating methodologies used in the analysis of this transaction can be found at:

-- Legal Criteria for European Structured Finance Transactions
-- Master European Structured Finance Surveillance Methodology
-- Spanish 2005 Electricity Tariff
-- Operational Risk Assessment for European Structured Finance Servicers

A description of how DBRS analyses structured finance transactions and how the methodologies are collectively applied can be found at:

For more information on this credit or on this industry, visit or contact us at